About the Nanotechnology: real future, science fiction

Every time there are more nano technological products invading the market, such as materials that resist dents, scratches and self-repairs, textile and sports materials of greater precision, better flexibility, antibacterial clothes, resistant to stains and wrinkles, fast charging batteries, lenses, and improved screens and anti-scratch, … etc. As we guess has immense applications in many fields such as electronics, biomedicine, computing, communications, energy, architecture, food, agribusiness, textiles, environment, military, … There is a progressive increase in products in the market and will be further increased in the future. Visit MSTnano.com in order to get Nanotechnology related services.

Nanotechnology in the twentieth century

In 2000, Clinton launched the NNI (National Nanotechnology Initiative) to coordinate R & D efforts in that area. In 2003, the US Congress approved the statutes of the NNI, establishing budgets, agencies, programs, financing, and promotion of key research. Bush destined 3,630 million dollars to have a strategic position in the years 2003-2006. In 2008 the NNI launched environmental strategies, health, and safety in research. In 2012 related to nanosensors and knowledge infrastructures. Obama in 2014 destined another 1.500 million, destined mainly to basic science, health, energy, and defense. Currently, there are multi-year plans in all strategies. The amount allocated to the NNI amounts to about 21,000 million dollars since its inception. In 2003 the British government commissioned a report on the health, social, environmental and ethical implications of nanotechnology.

In 2004, the European Commission considers it a fundamental niche in all programs, issuing COM (2004) 338 action unifying and institutionalizing R & D funding in this field. Currently, all developed or developing countries have programs to support and exploit nanotechnology; as well as study centers in many universities around the world. Nanotechnology worldwide in 2002 in the market accounted for 110,000 million in the market, in 2015 was already 800,000 million. issuing COM (2004) 338 action unifying and institutionalizing R & D funding in this field. Currently, all developed or developing countries have programs to support and exploit nanotechnology; as well as study centers in many universities around the world. Nanotechnology worldwide in 2002 in the market accounted for 110,000 million in the market, in 2015 was already 800,000 million. issuing COM (2004) 338 action unifying and institutionalizing R & D funding in this field. Currently, all developed or developing countries have programs to support and exploit nanotechnology; as well as study centers in many universities around the world. Nanotechnology worldwide in 2002 in the market accounted for 110,000 million in the market, in 2015 was already 800,000 million. Go to MSTnano.com and get Nanotechnology related services.

Nanotechnology in the industries

We are talking about an industrial revolution that in the medium term will change the world, as did the transport revolutions or the technologies of the information. The economic crisis has positively affected it by encouraging the absence of a nanotechnological bubble and having more time and peace to channel it through more rational and effective ways with the industry, with more time to reflect on possible negative effects.

There are 4,000 companies in the world directly dedicated to nanotechnology, without counting other auxiliaries or using their applications. The countries that are driving this market the most are the USA, Japan, China, and Germany. China is creating between 300 and 500 companies annually. There is a global projection of growth between 8% and 20% per year until 2025, and that without taking into account the possibility of new discoveries of high impact. Confluences are foreseen with all industries, especially with biomedicine, communication and information technologies, and neural science.

Inventions of the Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology has existed in objects used by humanity, wherein certain processes nanoparticles were generated without being aware of it, such as Chinese ink, enamel, or the edge of hardened swords, tending them with charcoal. They are inventions, sometimes casual or heuristic, like many others that without being disruptive have changed and made humanity advance, of which its authorship is unknown (like that of the inventor of making fire or of the wheel). However, until the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, there is no awareness of atomic physics and the chemistry of colloids and surface monolayers. However, until 1936 with the invention of the field emission microscope, it is when nano scale materials can be observed